It is encouraging that the Government of Enrique Peña Nieto decides to pay full attention to the issue of young people. A complex issue, not only because it’s the majority population segment in our country, but because their basic demands not met in recent years, has caused their problems to

 fester and that, as a Nation are wasting the potential advantages of the so-called “demographic bonus”, from which the destination of Mexico will be defined in the coming decades.The majority population of young people that today our country has (70 percent with less than 30 years) is a human potential of great value to the Nation, a comparative advantage in productive, creative and social terms, so-called “demographic bonus”, which is possible if the Mexican State offers to all these young people, the opportunity to prepare, educate, care for and promote your health, and get a decent and well-paid employment. What is not happening.Today, millions of young people, no orderly way, are looking for how to incorporate to the study, sports, recreation, culture and mainly to work. Some of them get it, the vast majority, unfortunately not. CONEVAL 2011 figures give clear account of the many gaps, duplications and deficiencies in the efforts being made by the State to support young people. Hence the importance of that scan, should be planned and these efforts to incorporate youth to our economic, social and political process should be organized in the best way.

The comprehensive Plan of care for young people, people that Peña Nieto has promised education, health and employment, provides some results in the first 100 days of his administration. Its objectives are, input, scan the programs of the federal Government in the field of youth care, identifying and evaluating its performance and impact, to decide what should be kept, what disappear or merge, reduced or expanded in budget and coverage.

Another part of the project, will be to draw up a diagnosis on the General conditions of life and the needs of young people, giving priority to their problems and resolution times: those of immediate (during the first 100 days of the Administration); which will be seen in 2013, and which will run throughout the six years.

Regarding diagnoses on the problems of young people, we hoped of Peña Nieto Advisory Panel to take into account the multiple studies that in this regard carried out by academic institutions of great seriousness as the UNAM; in order to take advantage of the data that are already known, saving money and gaining time.

By way of example, the national survey of discrimination Mexico 2010, revealed that the main problems of the youth in Mexico are: the lack of employment, addictions, drugs and insecurity. Adolescents and young people aged 12 to 17, above all women, perceived insecurity as one of the main conflicts that have to face.

The National Council to prevent discrimination (Conapred), and the area of applied research of the Institute of legal research (IIJ) of the UNAM, unveiled to a 35.6% of young people between 18 and 29 years say that the lack of job opportunities is their main problem, followed by the addictions with 11.1%, and 10% ensures that the lack of money is the main obstacle to their daily lives.

In short. Youth is a material and moral force that claims to participate in the construction of the country for their material and cultural needs. New generations claim their right to live, to fight for the life itself; they want to enjoy life today and not an tomorrow distant and undefined.

Beyond the comprehensive Plan of attention to young people, a valuable first step of Enrique Peña Nieto in this area, what is mainly needed is a new generation of public policy that fosters situations favourable to young people; policies that take into account inequalities, economic, social, cultural and even geographical differences that exist in this majority segment of our society.
citizen agenda